In December 2019 there was a sudden rise in cases of pneumonia in Wuhan city, China which was later designated as Coronavirus disease by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 Feb 2020. This coronavirus is identified as a novel strain of coronavirus that shares 79% of genetic similarity with SARS- CoV from the SARS outbreak 2003.1

The mental well-being assessed in a Chinese study following Covid-19 as early as March 2020 showed that there was a considerable increase in negative feelings like depression, anxiety and fear of death both among the affected and unaffected population. Overall a decreased happiness and feeling of insecurity was reported to be high among the population. This anxiousness was more pronounced among the covid-19 patients leading to self isolation, feeling of dejection, fear of infecting others even after they were cured and completed the quarantine period.2

In a study from China, it was reported that 53.8% of Chinese people in general suffered from moderate to severe negative psychological effect related to COVID-19. Further it was highlighted that 16.5% of the study participants had depression symptoms, 28.8% were in anxious states and 8.1% exhibited to have moderate to severe levels of stress.3

There are several causes which pose the current COVID-19 pandemic responsible for psychiatric consequences in the entire society. Human minds can get affected adversely due to the profound social impact of the pandemic and governmental response of repeated lockdown. The wellbeing of the infected and non-infected population is compromised as a result of widespread anxiety, fear of the virus, social isolation due to quarantine and travel restrictions by governments. Stress among the health-care workers and other essential workers also deserves special mention which has resulted due to limited health care resources, long stressful work hours, irregular pay and isolation from near and dear ones. The negative experiences specific to individuals who are infected with the covid-19 virus cannot be neglected. The complex emotions a covid-19 positive hospitalised patient faces are fear about the outcome of their illness, social stigma, fear of infecting others and fear of death are all of grave concern and can push them into depression and even self-harm and suicides.4,39

A review study by Vindegaard et al showed the prevalence of mental disorders among covid and non-covid affected population. The review revealed that there were profound mental problems among COVID-19 …….


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